After the TSP, I invest my money in Betterment and Vanguard. I track all of my investments with Personal Capital. I also wrote a short, 2 hour book summarizing this site. You can buy it here.
After 1 year and $10,000 invested in Betterment, I am a happy customer and recommend it to family, friends, and blog readers. My initial review is here and my review at $3000 invested is here. While you can get lower costs in the TSP and Vanguard, the automation, simplicity, low cost, and built in diversification make Betterment easy to recommend. These four principles guide my investing decisions.
Betterment’s average fees on their ETFs are 0.10% or 10 basis points for my asset allocation (90% stocks, 10% bonds) plus the 0.25% management fee (for accounts $10,000-$99,999). While 0.35% or 35 basis points is nearly 10 times higher than my TSP account, it’s still nowhere near the industry average of 1% annual expense ratio. On a $10,000 initial investment with a 0.35% expense ratio, over a 50 year period, with 6% returns, you could expect to lose about 16% of your returns to fees. If your expenses were only 0.03% (close to the TSP’s), you would only lose 1.5% of your returns to fees. Run the numbers yourself here.
Also it’s important to note that while fees matter, asset allocation can matter even more when it comes to determining your investment returns over the long run. Concentrating too much in the G fund or another bond fund early in your investing life can reduce your returns substantially. It’s important to have a good asset allocation and Betterment makes it easy to select and stick with one.
The importance of a good asset allocation can significantly outweigh the additional cost of Betterment.
Clearly DIY with TSP and Vanguard is cheaper in the long run, which is why I recommend maxing out your TSP contributions first. However, once that’s maxed, Betterment is an easy place for your IRAs and additional taxable investment accounts.
Especially if you are not the type that dreams of asset allocations, backtests portfolios on Portfolio Visualizer, and reads for fun about Modern Portfolio Theory and the efficient frontier, then Betterment is one of the best investment option available today.
If you are new to investing, I recommend opening an account today and at least fully funding your IRA (Roth or Traditional) with them. As you grow as an investor and learn more about asset allocation, you can eventually move your money to Vanguard for the lower price but more DIY approach.
Two other things I really like about the service:
- The user experience is fantastic. Both the mobile app and the browser page are slick, present information clearly, and are quick to use. You can see projections of your growth and deep dive into their theories and models for your portfolio.
- Deposits to the account usually take 2 business days to process out of the checking account but they credit your account immediately, which is a good feature.
Betterment Adds Tax Smart Investing
Automatic tax loss harvesting is already included in all Betterment accounts. Tax loss harvesting can be a complicated tax reduction strategy that involves selling ETFs that have lost value and buying similar ETFs that cover the same asset class.
It’s estimated by turning on tax loss harvesting your return can be boosted by up to 0.77% annually, more than compensating for the increased expense ratio of owning ETFs through Betterment rather than buying them yourself.
Now Betterment is adding the tax coordinated portfolio, which they claim could add another 0.48% or 48 basis points annually to your return. A tax coordinated portfolio holds asset classes in different taxable and untaxed accounts to maximize your returns. So for instance municipal bonds, which are income tax free, would be held in a taxable investment account. More heavily taxed assets would be held in tax exempt or tax deferred accounts.
Again, this is done automatically and without additional costs to the account holder. These kinds of automatic systems really show what’s possible when you apply Silicon Valley innovation to financial markets. I’m excited to see what Betterment introduces next and the future of financial innovation that benefits the everyman investor, not just the well connected Wall Street insiders.
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The best way I know to achieve financial independence is to keep your investments simple, diversified, automatic, and low-cost. Costs eat into your returns like you wouldn't believe! A 1% difference in expense ratios can mean $100,000s lost to fees over a lifetime of investing.
Even if you're a DIY (do-it-yourself) investor like I am, you need to check out Betterment. You can read my full review here, but the bottom line is for only $250 per $100,000 invested (0.25% expense ratio) you get simple, diversified, and automated investing. In addition every account now gets free Tax Loss Harvesting+ features, which should increase returns for the average investor more than the minuscule management fee.
If you're not a DIY investor or are just getting started with investing, then you definitely need to check out Betterment. It's what I recommend to my family and friends who aren't strong investors or don't care to learn about asset allocations, diversification, or rebalancing.
I have investment accounts all over the place. To keep track of all of them in one place I use Personal Capital. It combines all of my accounts, shows me where I may be overpaying in fees, and provides beautiful charts showing my overall asset allocation and performance.
I use Personal Capital to track my Roth and Traditional TSP, Vanguard IRAs, banking accounts, SDP, and my Betterment taxable account, all in one place. It's free, secure and presents me with a one-stop dashboard so I can see all my money on one site.
Read my full review of Personal Capital and see how easy it can be to manage your investments in one place. Trust me, once you try it, you'll love it.
P.S. - If you have over $100,000 of assets and a 401k, you really need to run the Personal Capital 401k Fee Analyzer.